Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
EMDR is a therapeutic approach that has been the subject of much research and has been proven to treat trauma and many other mental health problems effectively. EMDR is a non-hypnotic psychotherapeutic approach developed by the American psychologist Dr. Francine Shapiro. She discovered that eye movements under certain conditions reduced the distress associated with traumatic event (s). In EMDR therapy, it is explained that when a negative life experience has been sufficiently processed, when one remembers the negative life experience that has been sufficiently processed, one no longer experiences the old emotions or sensations associated with this negative life experience. EMDR mimics the natural brain activity the REM sleep to help process adverse event (s) that has been stored in the brain and no longer be controlled by adverse circumstances.